EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
TO THE EPHESIANS.
The great blessings we have received through Christ. He is the head of all the church.
1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God, to all the saints who are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus.
2 Grace be to you, and peace from God, our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
3 *Blessed by the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places, in Christ:
4 As he hath chose us in him, before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and unspotted in his sight, in charity.
5 Who hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children, through Jesus Christ, unto himself: according to the purpose of his will,
6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, by which he made us acceptable, in his beloved Son.
7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the remission of sins, according to the riches of his grace,
8 Which hath superabounded in us in all wisdom and prudence:
9 That he might make known to us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure, which he hath purposed in him.
10 In the dispensation of the fulness of times, to establish all things in Christ, which are in heaven and on earth, in him:
11 In whom we also are called by lot, being predestinated according to the purpose of him, who worketh all things according to the counsel of his will:
12 That we may be to the praise of his glory, who have before hoped Christ:
13 In whom you also, when you had heard the word of truth, (the gospel of your salvation:) in whom also believing, you were sealed with the holy Spirit of promise,
14 Who is the pledge of our inheritance, for the redemption of acquisition, unto the praise of his glory.
15 Wherefore I also hearing of your faith, which is in the Lord Jesus, and of your love towards all the saints,
16 Cease not to give thanks for you, making commemoration of you in my prayers:
17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you the spirit of wisdom and of revelation, in the knowledge of him:
18 The eyes of your heart enlightened, that you may know what is the hope of his calling, and what are the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power towards us, who believe *according to the operation of the might of his power,
20 Which he wrought in Christ, raising him up from the dead, and setting him at his right hand in the heavenly places:
21 Above all principality, and power, and virtue, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come.
22 *And he hath put all things under his feet: and hath made him head over all the church,
23 Which is his body, and the fulness of him, who is filled all in all.
3: 2 Cor. i. 3.; 1 Pet. i. 3.
19: Infra iii. 7.
22: Ps. viii. 8.
All our good comes through Christ. He is our peace.
1 And *you, when you were dead in your offences, and sins,
2 Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of this air, of the spirit that now worketh on the children of unbelief,
3 Among whom also we all conversed in time past, in the desires of our flesh, fulfilling the will of the flesh and of our thoughts, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest:
4 But God, who is rich in mercy, through his exceeding charity, with which he loved us,
5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together in Christ, (by whose grace you are saved)
6 And hath raised us up together, and hath made us sit together in the heavenly places, in Christ Jesus:
7 That he might shew in the ages to come the abundant riches of his grace, in his goodness towards us in Christ Jesus.
8 For by grace you are saved through faith, and that not of yourselves: for it is the gift of God;
9 Not of works, that no man may glory.
10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus, in good works; which God hath prepared, that we should walk in them.
11 For which cause, be mindful that you being heretofore Gentiles in the flesh, who are called uncircumcision by that which is called the circumcision in the flesh, made by hands:
12 That you were at that time without Christ, alienated from the society of Israel, and strangers to the covenants, having no hope of the promise, and without God in this world.
13 But now in Christ Jesus, you, who some time were afar off, are made near by the blood of Christ.
14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and breaking down the middle wall of partition, the enmities in his flesh:
15 Abolishing the law of commandments in decrees: that he might make the two in himself into one new man, making peace,
16 And might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross, killing the enmities in himself.
17 And coming, he preached peace to you, who were afar off, and peace to them that were near.
18 *For through him we have both access in one Spirit to the Father.
19 Now, therefore, you are no more strangers and foreigners: but you are fellow-citizens with the saints, and the domestics of God:
20 Built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone:
21 In whom all the building framed together, groweth up into a holy temple in the Lord;
22 In whom you also are built together into a habitation of God in the Spirit.
1: Colos. ii. 13.
18: Rom. v. 2.
The mystery hidden from former ages was discovered to the apostle, to be imparted to the Gentiles. He prays that they may be strengthened in God.
1 For this cause, I, Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ, for you Gentiles,
2 If yet you have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God, which is given me towards you:
3 How that, according to revelation, the mystery hath been made known to me, as I have written above in brief:
4 As you reading, may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ:
5 Which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles, and prophets, in the Spirit.
6 That the Gentiles should be co-heirs, and of the same body, and joint partakers of his promise in Christ Jesus, by the gospel:
7 Of which I am made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God, which is given to me *according to the operation of his power.
8 *To me, the least of all the saints, is given this grace, to preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ,
9 And to enlighten all men, what is the dispensation of the mystery which hath been hidden from eternity in God, who created all things.
10 That the manifold wisdom of God may be made known to the principalities, and powers, in heavenly places, through the church,
11 According to the eternal purpose, which he made in Christ Jesus, our Lord:
12 In whom we have courage and access with confidence, by the faith of him.
13 Wherefore, I beseech that you faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your glory.
14 For this cause I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
15 Of whom all paternity in heaven and earth is named,
16 That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with the power by his Spirit unto the inward man.
17 That Christ may dwell by faith in your hearts: that being rooted and founded in charity,
18 You may be able to comprehend, with all the saints, what is the breadth, and length, and height, and depth:
19 To know also the charity of Christ, which surpasseth knowledge, that you may be filled unto all the fulness of God.
20 Now to him, who is able to do all things more abundantly than we ask or understand, according to the power which worketh in us:
21 To him be glory in the church, and in Christ Jesus, for all generations, world without end. Amen.
7: Supra i. 19.
8: 1 Cor. xv. 9.
He exhorts them to unity; to put on the new man; and to fly sin.
1 I therefore, a prisoner in the Lord, beseech you, *that you walk worthy of the vocation in which you are called,
2 With all humility and mildness, with patience, supporting one another in charity,
3 *Careful to keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace.
4 One body, and one spirit: as you are called in one hope of your vocation.
5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism.
6 *One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in us all.
7 *But to every one of us is given grace, according to the measure of the gift of Christ.
8 Wherefore he saith: *Ascending on high, he led captivity captive: he gave gifts to men.
9 Now that he ascended, what is it, but because he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
10 He who descended is the same also who ascended above all the heavens, that he might fill all things.
11 And he gave some indeed *apostles, and some prophets, and others evangelists, and others pastors and teachers,
12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edification of the body of Christ:
13 Till we all meet in the unity of faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the age of the fulness of Christ:
14 That we may no more be children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, in the wickedness of men, in craftiness, to the machination of error.
15 But performing the truth in charity, we may in all things grow up in him, who is the head, Christ:
16 From whom the whole body, compacted and fitly joined together, by what every joint supplieth, according to the working in the measure of every part, maketh the increase of the body, to the edifying of itself in charity.
17 *This then I say and testify in the Lord: that henceforward you walk not as also the Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
18 Having the understanding obscured with darkness, alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance which is in them, because of the blindness of their heart,
19 Who despairing, have given themselves up to lasciviousness, to the working of all uncleanness, unto covetousness.
20 But you have not so learned Christ:
21 If yet you have heard him, and have been taught in him, as the truth is in Jesus.
22 *To put off, according to the former conversation, the old man, who is corrupted, according to the desires of error.
23 *And be ye renewed in the spirit of your mind,
24 *And put on the new man, who according to God, is created in justice, and holiness of truth.
25 *Wherefore, putting away lying, *speak ;ye the truth every man with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
26 *Be angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your anger.
27 *Give not place to the devil.
28 Let him that stole, steal now no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands that which is good, that he may have to give to him who is in need.
29 Let no evil speech proceed from your mouth: but that which is good to the edification of faith, that it may give grace to the hearers.
30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God: whereby you are sealed unto the day of redemption.
31 Let all bitterness, and anger, and indignation, and clamour, and blasphemy, be taken away from you, with all malice.
32 *And be ye kind one to another, merciful, forgiving one another, even as God hath forgiven you in Christ.____________________
1: 1 Cor. vii. 27.; Philip. i. 27.
3: Rom. xii. 10.
6: Mal. ii. 10.
7: Rom. xii. 3.; 1 Cor. xii. 11.; 2 Cor. x. 13.
8: Psal. lxvii. 19.
11: 1 Cor. xii. 28.
17: Rom. i. 21.
22: Coloss. iii. 8.
23: Rom. vi. 4.
24: Coloss. iii. 12.
25: 1 Pet. ii. 1. --- ** Zac. viii. 16.
26: Ps. iv. 5.
27: James iv. 7.
32: Coloss. iii. 13.
Exhortations to a virtuous life. The mutual duties of man and wife, by the example of Christ, and of the Church.
1 Be ye, therefore, followers of God, as most dear children:
2 *And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath delivered himself for us, an oblation and a sacrifice to God, for an odour of sweetness.
3 *But fornication and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not so much as be named among you, as it becometh saints:
4 Nor obscenity, nor foolish talking, nor scurrility, which is to no purpose: but rather giving of thanks.
5 For know ye this, and understand, that no fornicator, nor unclean, nor covetous person, which is a serving of idols, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ, and of God.
6 *Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the anger of God upon the children of unbelief.
7 Be ye not, therefore, partakers with them.
8 For you were heretofore darkness, but now light in the Lord. Walk ye then as children of the light:
9 For the fruit of the light is in all goodness, and justice, and truth:
10 Proving what is acceptable to God:
11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them.
12 For the things that are done by them in secret, it is a shame even to mention.
13 But all things that are reproved, are made manifest by the light: for all that is made manifest is light.
14 Wherefore he saith: Rise, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ will enlighten thee.
15 See, therefore, brethren, how you walk circumspectly: *not as unwise,
16 But as wise: redeeming the time, for the days are evil.
17 *Wherefore become not unwise, but understanding what is the will of God.
18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is luxury, but be ye filled with the holy Spirit,
19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual canticles, singing and making melody in your hearts to the Lord,
20 Giving thanks always for all things, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, to God and the Father:
21 Being subject one to another in the fear of Christ.
22 *Let women be subject to their husbands, as to the Lord:
23 *For the husband is the head of the wife; as Christ is the head of the church. He is the saviour of his body.
24 Therefore as the church is subject to Christ, so also let the wives be to their husbands in all things.
25 *Husbands, love your wives, as Christ also loved the Church, and delivered himself up for it,
26 That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life,
27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing, but that it should be holy and without blemish.
28 So also ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife, loveth himself.
29 For no man ever hated his own flesh: but nourisheth and cherisheth it, as also Christ doth the church:
30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.
31 *For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother: and shall adhere to his wife, **and they shall be two in one flesh.
32 This is a great sacrament: but I speak in Christ, and in the church.
33 Nevertheless, let every one of you in particular love his wife as himself: and let the wife fear her husband.____________________
2: John xiii. 34. and xv. 12.; 1 John iv. 21.
3: Coloss. iii. 5.
6: Matt. xxiv. 4.; Mark xiii. 5.; Luke xxi. 8.; 2 Thess. ii. 3.
15: Coloss. iv. 5.
17: Rom. xii. 2.; 1 Thess. iv. 3.
22: Gen. iii. 16.; Coloss. iii. 18.; 1 Pet. iii. 1.
23: 1 Cor. xi. 3.
25: Coloss. iii. 19.
31: Gen. ii. 24.; Mat. xix. 5.; Mark x. 7. --- ** 1 Cor. vi. 16.
Duties of children and servants. The Christian's armour.
1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is just.
2 *Honour thy father, and thy mother, which is the first commandment, with a promise;
3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest be long lived upon earth.
4 And you, fathers, provoke not your children to anger: but bring them up in the discipline and correction of the Lord.
5 *Servants, obey your carnal masters, with fear and trembling, in the simplicity of your heart, as Christ:
6 Not serving to the eye, as it were pleasing men, but, as the servants of Christ doing the will of God from the heart,
7 With a good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men:
8 Knowing that whatsoever good every one shall do, the same shall he receive from the Lord, whether he be bond, or free.
9 And you, masters, do the same things to them, forbearing threatenings; knowing that the Lord both of them and you is in heaven: *and there is no respect of persons with him.
10 As to the rest, brethren, be strengthened in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
11 Put you on the armour of God, that you may be able to stand against the snares of the devil.
12 For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood: but against principalities and power, against the rulers of the world of this darkness: against the spirits of wickedness in the high places.
13 Wherefore take unto you the armour of God, that you may be able to resist in the evil day, and to stand in all things perfect.
14 Stand, therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of justice,
15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace:
16 In all things taking the shield of faith, wherewith you may be able to extinguish all the fiery darts of the most wicked one:
17 *And take unto you the helmet of salvation; and the sword of the spirit, (which is the word of God).
18 By all prayer and supplication praying at all times in the spirit; *and in the same watching with all instance and supplication for all the saints:
19 *And for me, that speech may be given me, that I may open my mouth with confidence, to make known the mystery of the gospel:
20 For which I am an ambassador in a chain, so that therein I may be bold to speak according as I ought.
21 But that you also may know the things that concern me, and what I am doing: Tychicus, my dearest brother, and faithful minister in the Lord, will make known to you all things:
22 Whom I have sent to you for this same purpose, that you may know the things concerning us, and that he may comfort your hearts.
23 Peace be to the brethren, and charity, with faith from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
24 Grace be with all, who love our Lord Jesus Christ in incorruption. Amen.
2: Exod. xx. 12.; Deut. v. 6.; Eccli. iii. 9.; Mat. xv. 4.; Mark vii. 10.; Col. ii. 20.[iii. 20.?]
5: Col. iii. 22.; Titus ii. 9.; 1 Pet. ii. 18.
9: Deut. x. 17.; 2 Par. xix. 7.; Job xxxiv. 19.; Wisd. vi. 8.; Eccli. xxxv. 15.; Acts x. 34.; Rom. ii. 11.; Col. iii. 25.; 1 Pet. i. 17.
17: Isai. lix. 17.; 1 Thes. v. 8.
18: Col. iv. 2.
19: Col. iv. 3.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
TO THE PHILIPPIANS.
The apostle's affection for the Philippians.
1 Paul and Timothy, the servants of Jesus Christ: to all the saints in Christ Jesus, who are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons.
2 Grace be unto you, and peace from God, our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
3 I give thanks to my God, in every remembrance of you,
4 Always in all my prayers making supplication for you all with joy,
5 For your fellowship in the gospel of Christ, from the first day until now.
6 Being confident of this very thing, that he who hath begun a good work in you, will perfect it unto the day of Christ Jesus.
7 As it is meet for me to think this for you all: because I have you in my heart: and that in my bands, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, you all are partakers of my joy.
8 For God is my witness, how I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.
9 And this I pray, that your charity may more and more abound in knowledge, and in all understanding.
10 That you may approve the better things, that you may be sincere and without offence unto the day of Christ,
11 Being filled with the fruit of justice, through Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.
12 Now, I desire, brethren, you should know, that the things which have happened to me, have fallen out rather to the furtherance of the gospel:
13 So that my bonds are made manifest, in Christ, in all the court, and in all other places:
14 And many of the brethren in the Lord taking courage by my chains, are much more bold to speak the word of God without fear.
15 Some, indeed, even out of envy and contention: but some also for good-will preach Christ:
16 Some out of charity, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel.
17 And some out of contention preach Christ not sincerely, imagining that they raise affliction to my bonds.
18 But what then? So that every way, whether by occasion, or by truth, Christ be preached: in this also I rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.
19 For I know that this shall turn to my salvation, through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ.
20 According to my expectation and hope, that in nothing I shall be confounded: but with all confidence, as always, so now also shall Christ be magnified in my body, whether by life, or by death.
21 For to me, to live is Christ; and to die is gain.
22 And if to live in the flesh, that is to me the fruit of labour, and what I shall choose I know not.
23 But I am straitened between two; having a desire to be dissolved, and to be with Christ, being by much the better:
24 But to remain in the flesh is necessary for your sake.
25 And having this confidence, I know that I shall remain and continue with you all, for your furtherance and joy of faith:
26 That your rejoicing may abound in Christ Jesus, for me, by my coming to you again.
27 *Only let your conversation be worthy of the gospel of Christ: that whether when I come and see you, or, being absent, hear of you, that you stand fast in one spirit, with one mind labouring together for the faith of the gospel:
28 And in nothing be ye terrified by the adversaries: which to them is a cause of perdition, but to you of salvation, and this from God.
29 For to you it is given for Christ, not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him:
30 Having the same conflict as that which you have seen in me, and now have heard of me.
27: Ephes. iv. 1.; Coloss. i. 10.; 1 Thess. ii. 12.
He recommends to them unity and humility; and to work out their salvation with fear and trembling.
1 If there be, therefore, any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any fellowship of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration:
2 Fulfil ye my joy, that you be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment.
3 Let nothing be done through strife, nor by vain-glory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves.
4 Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men's.
5 For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
6 Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery, to be himself equal to God:
7 But debased himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and in shape found as a man.
8 *He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
9 Wherefore God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above every name:
10 *That in the name of Jesus, every knee should bow of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth;
11 And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.
12 Wherefore, my dearly beloved, (as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but much more now in my absence) work out your salvation with fear and trembling.
13 For it is God who worketh in you both to will and to accomplish, according to the good-will.
14 *And do ye all things without murmurings and hesitations:
15 That you may be blameless, and sincere children of God, without reproof, in the midst of a depraved and perverse generation: among whom you shine as lights in the world.
16 Holding forth the word of life to my glory in the day of Christ, because I have not run in vain, nor laboured in vain.
17 Yea, and if I be made a victim upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and congratulate with you all.
18 And for the self-same thing do you also rejoice, and congratulate with me.
19 And I hope in the Lord Jesus, *to send Timothy to you shortly, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know the things concerning you.
20 For I have no man so of the same mind, who with sincere affection is solicitous for you.
21 *For all seek the things that are their own, not the things that are Jesus Christ's.
22 Now know ye the proof of him, that as a son with the father, so hath he served with me in the gospel.
23 Him, therefore, I hope to send to you immediately, so soon as I shall see the things which concern me.
24 And I trust in the Lord, that I also myself shall come to you shortly.
25 But I have thought it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother and fellow-labourer, and fellow-soldier, but your apostle, and the minister to my wants.
26 For indeed he longed after you all: and was sad, for that you had heard that he was sick.
27 For indeed he was sick nigh unto death: but God had mercy on him: and not only on him, but on me also, lest I should have sorrow upon sorrow.
28 Therefore I sent him the more speedily: that seeing him again you may rejoice, and I may be without sorrow.
29 Receive him, therefore, with all joy in the Lord: and treat with honour such as he is.
30 Because, for the work of Christ, he came nigh unto death, delivering up his life, that he might fulfil that which was wanting on your part towards my service.
8: Heb. ii. 9.
10: Isai. xiv. 24.; Rom. xiv. 11.
14: 1 Pet. iv. 6.
19: Acts x. 1.
21: 1 Cor. xiii. 5.
He warneth them against false teachers: he counts all other things loss, that he may gain Christ.
1 As to the rest, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed is not wearisome, but to you necessary.
2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.
3 For we are the circumcision, who serve God in spirit, and glory in Christ Jesus, not having confidence in the flesh:
4 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other thinketh he may have confidence in the flesh, I more,
5 Being circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of the Hebrews, *as to the law a Pharisee,
6 As to zeal, persecuting the church of God, as to the justice that is in the law, conversing without blame.
7 But what things were gain to me, those I have counted loss for Christ.
8 But indeed I count all things to be but loss, for the excellent knowledge of Jesus Christ, my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them but as dung, that I may gain Christ,
9 And may be found in him not having my justice, which is of the law, but that which is of the faith of Christ Jesus: the justice which is of God in faith,
10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death:
11 If by any means I may attain to the resurrection, which is from the dead:
12 Not as though I had already attained, or were already perfect: but I follow after, if I may by any means apprehend that which I am also apprehended by Christ Jesus.
13 Brethren, I do not count myself to have apprehended. But one thing I do: forgetting the things that are behind, and stretching forth myself to those that are before,
14 I pursue towards the mark, for the prize of the supernal vocation, of God in Christ Jesus.
15 Let us, therefore, as many as are perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing you be otherwise minded, this also God will reveal to you.
16 Nevertheless whereunto we are already come, that we be of the same mind: let us also continue in the same rule.
17 Be followers of me, brethren, and observe them who walk so, as you have our model.
18 *For many walk, of whom I have told you often (and now tell you weeping) that they are enemies of the cross of Christ:
19 Whose end is destruction: whose God is their belly: and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.
20 But our conversation is in heaven: whence also we expect the Saviour, our Lord Jesus Christ,
21 Who will reform the body of our lowness, made like to the body of his glory, according to the operation whereby also he is able to subdue all things unto himself.
5: Acts xxiii. 6.
18: Rom. xvi. 17.
He exhorts them to perseverance in all good; and acknowledges their charitable contributions to him.
1 Therefore, my brethren, dearly beloved, and most desired, my joy and my crown: so stand fast in the Lord, most beloved:
2 I beg of Evodia, and I beseech Syntyche, to be of one mind in the Lord.
3 And I entreat thee also, my sincere companion, help those women, who have laboured with me in the gospel with Clement, and the rest of my fellow-labourers, whose names are in the book of life.
4 Rejoice in the Lord always: again, I say, rejoice.
5 Let your modesty be known to all men: the Lord is nigh.
6 Be solicitous about nothing: but in every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your petitions be made known to God.
7 And the peace of God, which surpasseth all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.
8 For the rest, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are modest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are holy, whatsoever things are amiable, whatsoever things are of good repute, if there be any virtue, if there be any praise of discipline, think on these things.
9 The things which you have both learned and received, and heard, and seen in me, these do ye: and the God of peace shall be with you.
10 And I rejoice in the Lord exceedingly, that now at length your thought for me hath flourished again, as you did also think: but you were occupied.
11 I speak not as it were for want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, to be content therewith.
12 I know both how to be brought low, and I know how to abound: (every where and in all things I am instructed) both to be full, and to be hungry: both to abound, and to suffer need.
13 I can do all these things in him who strengtheneth me.
14 Nevertheless you have done well, in communicating to my tribulation.
15 And you also know, O Philippians, that in the beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church communicated with me, as concerning giving and receiving, but you only:
16 For unto Thessalonica also, you sent once and again for my use.
17 Not that I seek the gift, but I seek the fruit that may abound to your account.
18 But I have all, and abound: I am filled, having received from Epaphroditus the things you sent, an odour of sweetness, an acceptable sacrifice, pleasing to God.
19 *And may my God supply all your want, according to his riches, in glory in Christ Jesus.
20 Now to God and our Father be glory, world without end. Amen.
21 Salute ye every saint in Christ Jesus.
22 The brethren, who are with me, salute you. All the saints salute you: especially they that are of Cæsar's house.
23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.
19: Rom. xii. 1.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
TO THE COLOSSIANS.
He gives thanks for the grace bestowed upon the Colossians: and prays for them. Christ is the head of the church, and the peace-maker through his blood. Paul is his minister.
1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God, and Timothy, a brother:
2 To them who are at Colosse, the saints and faithful brethren in Christ Jesus.
3 Grace be to you and peace from God, our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. We give thanks to God, and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you.
4 Hearing your faith in Christ Jesus, and the love which you have towards all the saints,
5 For the hope that is laid up for you in heaven: which you have heard in the word of the truth of the gospel:
6 Which is come to you, as also it is in the whole world, and bringeth forth fruit, and groweth, even as it doth in you, since the day you heard, and knew the grace of God in truth,
7 As you learned of Epaphras, our most beloved fellow-servant, who is for you a faithful minister of Christ Jesus.
8 Who also hath manifested to us your love in the spirit.
9 Therefore we also, from the day that we heard it, cease not to pray for you, and to beg that you may be filled with the knowledge of his will, in all wisdom, and spiritual understanding:
10 That you may walk worthy of God, in all things pleasing: being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God:
11 Strengthened with all might, according to the power of his glory, in all patience and long-suffering with joy.
12 Giving thanks to God, the Father, who hath made us worthy to be partakers of the lot of the saints in light:
13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of the Son of his love,
14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the remission of sins:
15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of every creature:
16 *For in him were all things created in heaven, and on earth, visible, and invisible, whether thrones, or dominations, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and in him:
17 And he is before all, and by him all things consist.
18 And he is the head of the body, the church, *who is the beginning, the first-born from the dead: that in all things he may hold the primacy.
19 Because in him, it was pleasing that all fullness should dwell:
20 And through him to reconcile all things unto himself, making peace through the blood of his cross, both as to the things that are on earth, and the things that are in heaven.
21 And you, whereas you were some time alienated, and enemies in mind in evil works:
22 Yet now he hath reconciled in the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unspotted, and blameless before him:
23 If so ye continue in the faith, grounded and settled, and immoveable from the hope of the gospel which you have heard, which is preached in all the creation that is under heaven, whereof I Paul am made a minister.
24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up those things that are wanting of the sufferings of Christ, in my flesh, for his body, which is the church:
25 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God, which is given me towards you, that I may fulfil the word of God:
26 The mystery which hath been hidden from ages and generations, but now is made manifest to his saints.
27 To whom God would make known the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ, in you the hope of glory.
28 Whom we preach, admonishing every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom, that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus.
29 Wherein also I labour, striving according to his working which he worketh in me in power.
16: John i. 3.
18: 1 Cor. xv. 20.; Apoc. i. 5.
He warns against the impostures of the philosophers and the Jewish teachers, that would withdraw them from Christ.
1 For I would have you know, what solicitude I have for you, and for them who are at Laodicea, and as many as have not seen my face in the flesh:
2 That their hearts may be comforted being instructed in charity, and unto all the riches of the fulness of understanding, unto the knowledge of the mystery of God the Father, and of Christ Jesus:
3 In whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.
4 Now this I say, that no man may deceive you by loftiness of words.
5 *For though I be absent in body, yet in spirit I am with you; rejoicing and beholding your order, and the steadfastness of your faith which is in Christ.
6 As therefore you have received Jesus Christ, the Lord, walk ye in him.
7 Rooted and built up in him, and confirmed in the faith, as also you have learned, abounding in him in thanksgiving.
8 Beware lest any man impose upon you by philosophy, and vain fallacy: according to the tradition of men, according to the rudiments of the world, and not according to Christ:
9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead corporally:
10 And you are filled in him, who is the head of all principality and power:
11 In whom also you are circumcised with a circumcision not made by hand in despoiling of the body of the flesh, but in the circumcision of Christ:
12 Buried with him in baptism, in whom also you are risen again by the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him up from the dead.
13 *And you, when you were dead in your sins, and the uncircumcision of your flesh, he hath quickened together with him, forgiving you all offences:
14 Blotting out the hand-writing of the decree which was against us, which was contrary to us, and the same he took out of the way, fastening it to the cross:
15 And despoiling the principalities and powers, he made a shew of them confidently, triumphing openly over them in himself.
16 Let no man, therefore, judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a festival day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbaths:
17 Which are a shadow of things to come: but the body is of Christ.
18 *Let no man seduce you, willing in humility and religion of Angels, walking in the things which he hath not seen, in vain puffed up by the sense of his flesh,
19 And not holding the head, from which all the body, by joints and bands being supplied with nourishment and compacted, groweth unto the increase of God.
20 If then you be dead with Christ from the elements of this world: why do you yet decree as though living in the world?
21 Touch not, taste not, handle not:
22 Which all are unto destruction by the very use, according to the precepts and doctrines of men:
23 Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in superstition, and humility, and not sparing the body; not in any honour to the filling of the flesh.
5: 2 Cor. v. 2.
13: Ephes. ii. 1.
18: Matt. xxiv. 4.
He exhorts them to put off the old man, and to put on the new. The duties of wives and husbands, children and servants.
1 Therefore, if you be risen with Christ, seek the things that are above: where Christ is sitting at the right hand of God:
2 Mind the things that are above, not the things that are on the earth.
3 For you are dead, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.
4 When Christ shall appear, who is your life: then shall you also appear with him in glory.
5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth: *fornication, uncleanness, lust, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is the service of idols:
6 For which things the wrath of God cometh upon the children of unbelief:
7 In which you also walked some time, when you lived in them.
8 *But now put you also all away: anger, indignation, malice, blasphemy, filthy speech out of your mouth.
9 Lie not one to another: stripping yourselves of the old man with his deeds.
10 And putting on the new, him who is renewed unto knowledge, *according to the image of him, who created him.
11 Where there is neither Gentile nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian nor Scythian, bond or free: but Christ is all, and in all.
12 Put ye on, therefore, as the elect of God, holy, and beloved, the bowels of mercy, benignity, humility, modesty, patience:
13 Bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if any have a complaint against another: even as the Lord hath forgiven you, so do you also.
14 But above all these things have charity, which is the bond of perfection:
15 And let the peace of Christ rejoice in your hearts, wherein also you are called in one body: and be ye thankful.
16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you abundantly, in all wisdom, teaching, and admonishing one another *in psalms, hymns, and spiritual canticles, singing in grace in your hearts to God.
17 *All whatsoever you do in word or in work, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.
18 *Wives, be subject to your husbands, as it behoveth in the Lord.
19 Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter towards them.
20 *Children, obey your parents in all things: for this is pleasing to the Lord.
21 *Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged.
22 *Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh, not serving to the eye, as pleasing men, but in simplicity of heart, fearing God.
23 Whatsoever you do, do it from the heart, as to the Lord, and not to men:
24 Knowing that you shall receive of the Lord the reward of inheritance. Serve ye the Lord Christ.
25 *For he that doth an injury, shall receive for that which he hath done unjustly: and there is no respect of persons with God.
5: Ephes. v. 3.
8: Rom. vi. 4.; Ephes. iv. 22.; Heb. xii. 1.; 1 Pet. ii. 1. and iv. 2.
10: Gen. i. 26.
16: Ephes. v. 19.
17: 1 Cor. x. 31.
18: Ephes. v. 12.; 1 Pet. iii. 1.
20: Ephes. vi. 1.
21: Ephes. vi. 4.
22: Tit. ii. 9.; 1 Pet. ii. 18.
25: Rom. ii. 6.
He recommends fervent prayer, and wisdom. Various salutations.
1 Masters, do to your servants that which is just and equal: knowing that you also have a Master in heaven.
2 *Be instant in prayer: watching in it with thanksgiving:
3 *Praying withal for us also, that God may open to us a door of speech to speak the mystery of Christ (for which also I am in bands.)
4 That I may make it manifest as I ought to speak.
5 *Walk with wisdom towards those who are without: redeeming the time.
6 Let your speech be always in grace seasoned with salt, that you may know how you ought to answer every man.
7 All the things that concern me, Tychicus, our dearest brother, and faithful minister, and fellow-servant in the Lord, will make known to you:
8 Whom I have sent to you for this same purpose, that he may know the things that concern you and comfort your hearts,
9 With Onesimus, a most beloved and faithful brother, who is one of you. All things that are done here, they shall make known to you.
10 Aristarchus, my fellow-prisoner, saluteth you, and Mark, the cousin-german of Barnabus, touching whom you have received commandments: if he come to you, receive him:
11 And Jesus, who is called Justus: who are of the circumcision: these only are my helpers in the kingdom of God, who have been a comfort to me.
12 Epaphras saluteth you, who is one of you, a servant of Christ Jesus, who is always solicitous for you in prayers, that you may stand perfect, and full in all the will of God.
13 For I bear him testimony that he hath much labour for you, and for them that are at Laodicea, and them at Hierapolis.
14 *Luke, the most beloved physician, saluteth you, and Demas.
15 Salute the brethren who are at Laodicea: and Nymphas, and the church that is in his house.
16 And when this epistle shall be read among you, cause that it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans: and that you read that which is of the Laodiceans.
17 And say to Archippus: Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it.
18 The salutation of Paul with my own hand. Be mindful of my chains: Grace be with you. Amen
2: Luke xviii. 1.; 1 Thess. v. 17.
3: Ephes. vi. 19.; 2 Thess. iii. 1.; Coloss. iv. 3.
5: Ephes. v. 15.
14: 2 Tim. iv. 11.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
TO THE THESSALONIANS.
1 THESSALONIANS 1
He gives thanks for the graces bestowed on the Thessalonians.
1 Paul, and Sylvanus, and Timothy to the church of the Thessalonians, in God the Father, and in the Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Grace be to you and peace. We give thanks to God always for you all: making a remembrance of you in our prayers without ceasing.
3 Being mindful of the work of your faith, and labour, and charity, and of the enduring of the hope of our Lord Jesus Christ, before God and our Father:
4 Knowing, brethren beloved of God, your election:
5 For our gospel hath not been to you in word only, but in power also, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much fulness, as you know what manner of men we have been among you for your sakes.
6 And you became followers of us, and of the Lord: receiving the word in much tribulation, with the joy of the Holy Ghost:
7 So that you were made a pattern to all that believe in Macedonia, and in Achaia.
8 For from you was spread abroad the word of the Lord, not only in Macedonia and in Achaia, but also in every place, your faith which is towards God, is gone forth, so that we need not to speak any thing.
9 For they themselves relate of us, what manner of entrance we had unto you: and how you were converted to God from idols, to serve the living and true God.
10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, (whom he raised up from the dead) Jesus, who hath delivered us from the wrath to come.
1 THESSALONIANS 2
The sincerity of the apostle's preaching the gospel to them: and their receiving it.
1 For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance unto you, that it was not in vain:
2 But having suffered before, and being contumeliously treated (as you know) at Philippi, *we had confidence in our God, to speak to you the gospel of God in much solicitude.
3 For our exhortation was not of error, nor of uncleanness, nor in deceit.
4 But as we were approved of God, that the gospel should be committed to us: even so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God, who proveth our hearts.
5 For neither have we used at any time, the speech of flattery, as you know: nor taken an occasion of covetousness: God is witness:
6 Nor sought we glory of men, neither of you, nor of others.
7 Whereas we might have been burdensome to you, as the apostles of Christ: but we became little ones in the midst of you, as if a nurse should cherish her children.
8 So desirous of you, we would gladly have imparted to you not only the gospel of God, but also our own souls: because you were become most dear unto us.
9 For you remember, brethren, our labour and toil: *working night and day, lest we should be burdensome to any of you, we preached among you the gospel of God.
10 You are witnesses, and God, how holily, and justly, and without blame we have been among you, who have believed:
11 As you know, in what manner, entreating and comforting you, (as a father doth his children).
12 We testified to every one of you, that you would walk worthy of God, who hath called you to his kingdom and glory.
13 Therefore, we also give thanks to God without ceasing: because that when you had received of us the word of the hearing of God, you received it not as the word of men, but (as it truly is) the word of God, who worketh in you, who have believed.
14 For you, brethren, are become followers of the churches of God which are in Judea, in Christ Jesus: for you also have suffered the same things from your own countrymen, even as they have from the Jews:
15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and the prophets, and have persecuted us, and they please not God, and are adversaries to all men;
16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they may be saved, to fill up their sins always: for the wrath of God is come upon them to the end.
17 But we, brethren, being taken away from you, for a short time, in sight, not in heart, have hastened the more abundantly to see your face with great desire:
18 For we would have come to you, even I, Paul, once and again; but Satan hath hindered us.
19 For what is our hope or joy, or crown of glory? Are not you, in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?
20 For you are our glory and joy.
2: Acts xvi. 19.
9: Acts xx. 24.; 1 Cor. iv. 12.; 2 Thess. iii. 8.
1 THESSALONIANS 3
The apostle's concern and love for the Thessalonians.
1 For which cause forbearing no longer, we thought it good to remain at Athens, alone:
2 *And we sent Timothy, our brother, and a minister of God in the gospel of Christ, to confirm you, and exhort you concerning your faith:
3 That no man should be moved in these tribulations: for yourselves know, that we are appointed thereunto.
4 For even when we were with you, we foretold you that we should suffer tribulations: as also it is come to pass, and you know.
5 For this cause also I forbearing no longer, sent to know your faith: lest perhaps he that tempteth, should have tempted you, and our labour should be made vain.
6 But now when Timothy came to us from you, and related to us your faith and charity, and that you have a good remembrance of us always, desiring to see us, as we also to see you:
7 Therefore we were comforted, brethren, in you, in all our distress and tribulation, by your faith;
8 For now we live, if you stand in the Lord.
9 For what thanks can we return to God for you, in all the joy wherewith we rejoice for you before our God.
10 Night and day, praying more abundantly, that we may see your face, and may accomplish those things that are wanting to your faith?
11 Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ direct our way unto you:
12 And may the Lord multiply you, and make you abound in charity towards one another, and towards all men: as we do also towards you,
13 To confirm your hearts without blame, in holiness, before God and our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints. Amen.
2: Acts vi. 1.
1 THESSALONIANS 4
He exhorts them to purity and mutual charity: he treats of the resurrection of the body.
1 For the rest therefore, brethren, we pray and beseech you in the Lord Jesus, that as you have received from us, how you ought to walk, and to please God, so also you would walk, that you may abound the more.
2 For you know what commandments I have given to you by the Lord Jesus.
3 *For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you should abstain from fornication:
4 That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour:
5 Not in the passion of lust, like the Gentiles, who know not God:
6 And that no man overreach, nor deceive his brother in business: because the Lord is the avenger of all these things, as we have told you before, and have testified.
7 For God hath not called us to uncleanness, but to holiness.
8 He, therefore, that despiseth these things, despiseth not man, but God: who also hath given his holy spirit in us.
9 But concerning the love of brotherhood, we have no need to write to you: *for yourselves have learned of God to love one another.
10 For indeed you do it towards all the brethren in all Macedonia. But we entreat you, brethren, that you abound more.
11 And that you use your endeavour to be quiet, and that you do your own business, and work with your own hands, as we commanded you: and that you walk honestly towards them that are without: and that you want nothing of any man's.
12 And we will not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning them that are asleep, that you be not sorrowful, even as others who have no hope.
13 For if we believe that Jesus died, and rose again, even so them who have slept through Jesus, God will bring with him.
14 For this we say unto you in the word of the Lord, *that we who are alive, who remain unto the coming of the Lord, shall not prevent them, who have slept.
15 For the Lord himself shall come down from heaven with commandment, and with the voice of an Archangel, and with the trumpet of God: and the dead, who are in Christ, shall rise first.
16 Then we who are alive, who are left, shall be taken up together with them in the clouds, to meet Christ, in the air, and so shall we be always with the Lord.
17 Wherefore comfort ye one another with these words.
3: Rom. xii. 2.; Ephes. v. 17.
9: John iii. 34. and xv. 12. and 17.; 1 John ii. 10. and iv. 12.
14: 1 Cor. xv. 23.
1 THESSALONIANS 5
The day of the Lord shall come, when least expected. Exhortations to several duties.
1 But of the times and moments, brethren, you need not that we should write to you.
2 *For yourselves know perfectly, that the day of the Lord shall so come, as a thief in the night.
3 For when they shall say, peace and security, then shall sudden destruction come upon them, as the pains upon her that is with child, and they shall not escape.
4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief:
5 For all you are the children of light, and children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
6 Therefore let us not sleep, as others do: but let us watch and be sober.
7 For they who sleep, sleep in the night: and they who are drunk, are drunk in the night.
8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, *having on the breastplate of faith and charity, and for a helmet, the hope of salvation:
9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to the purchasing of salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
10 Who died for us: that whether we watch or sleep, we may live together with him.
11 Wherefore comfort one another: and edify one another, as you also do.
12 And we beseech you, brethren, to know them who labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you,
13 That you esteem them more abundantly in charity for their work: have peace with them.
14 And we beseech you, brethren, rebuke the unquiet, comfort the feeble-minded, support the weak, be patient towards all men.
15 *See that none render evil for evil to any one: but ever follow that which is good towards each other, and towards all men.
16 Always rejoice.
17 *Pray without ceasing.
18 In all things give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you all.
19 Extinguish not the Spirit.
20 Despise not prophecies.
21 But prove all things: hold that which is good.
22 From all appearance of evil refrain yourselves.
23 And may the God of peace himself sanctify you in all things: that your whole spirit, and soul, and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
24 *He is faithful who hath called you: who will also perform.
25 Brethren, pray for us.
26 Salute all the brethren with a holy kiss.
27 I charge you, by the Lord, that this epistle be read to all the holy brethren:
28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
2: 2 Pet. iii. 10.; Apoc. iii. 3. and xvi. 15.
8: Isai. lix. 17.; Ephes. vi. 14. and 17.
15: Prov. xvii. 13. and xx. 22.; Rom. xii. 17.; 1 Pet. iii. 9.
17: Eccli. xviii. 22.; Luke xviii. 1.; Coloss. iv. 2.
24: 1 Cor. i. 9.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
TO THE THESSALONIANS.
2 THESSALONIANS 1
He gives thanks to God for their faith and constancy: and prays for their advancement in all good.
1 Paul, and Sylvanus, and Timothy, to the church of the Thessalonians, in God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Grace unto you, and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
3 We ought to give thanks always to God for you, brethren, as it is meet, because your faith increaseth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you towards each other, aboundeth:
4 So that we ourselves also glory in you in the churches of God, for your patience and faith, and in all your persecutions and tribulations, which you endure,
5 For an example of the just judgment of God, that you may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which also you suffer.
6 Seeing it is a just thing with God to repay tribulation to them that trouble you:
7 And to you who are troubled, rest with us when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with the Angels of his power,
8 In a flame of fire, inflicting vengeance to them, who know not God, and who obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.
9 Who shall suffer eternal pains in destruction, from the face of the Lord, and from the glory of his power:
10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be made wonderful in all them who have believed: because our testimony was believed upon you in that day.
11 Wherefore also we pray always for you: that our God would make you worthy of his calling, and fulfill all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith in power,
12 That the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God, and of the Lord Jesus Christ.
2 THESSALONIANS 2
The day of the Lord is not to come, till the man of sin be revealed. The apostles' traditions are to be observed.
1 And we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and of our gathering together unto him:
2 That you be not easily moved from your sense, nor be terrified, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by epistle, as sent from us, as if the day of the Lord were at hand.
3 *Let no man deceive you by any means: for unless there come a revolt first, and the man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition,
4 Who opposeth, and is lifted up above all that is called God, or that is worshipped, so that he sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself as if he were God.
5 Remember you not, that when I was yet with you, I told you these things?
6 And now you know what withholdeth, that he may be revealed in his time.
7 For the mystery of iniquity already worketh: only that he who now holdeth, do hold, until he be taken out of the way.
8 And then that wicked one shall be revealed, *whom the Lord Jesus shall kill with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: him,
9 Whose coming is according to the working of Satan, in all power, and signs, and lying wonders,
10 And in all seduction of iniquity to them that perish: because they receive not the love of the truth that they might be saved. Therefore God shall send them the operation of error, to believe a lie.
11 That all may be judged, who have not believed the truth, but have consented to iniquity.
12 But we ought to give thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved of God, for that God hath chosen you first-fruits unto salvation, in sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth:
13 Whereunto also he hath called you by our gospel, unto the purchasing of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
14 Therefore, brethren, stand firm; and hold the traditions which you have learned, whether by word, or by our epistle.
15 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God and our Father who hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation, and good hope in grace,
16 Exhort your hearts, and confirm you in every good work and word
3: Ephes. v. 6.
8: Isai. xi. 4.
2 THESSALONIANS 3
He begs their prayers, and warns them against idleness.
1 For *the rest, brethren, pray for us, that the word of God may run and may be glorified, even as among you:
2 And that we may be delivered from troublesome and evil men: for all men have not faith.
3 But God is faithful, who will strengthen and keep you from evil.
4 And we have confidence concerning you in the Lord, that the things which we command, you both do, and will do.
5 And the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity of God, and in the patience of Christ.
6 And we charge you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you withdraw yourselves from every brother walking disorderly, and not according to the tradition which they have received of us.
7 For yourselves know how you ought to imitate us: for we were not disorderly among you:
8 *Neither did we eat any man's bread for nothing, but in labour and in toil working night and day, lest we should be burthensome to any of you.
9 Not as if we had not power; but that we might give ourselves a pattern to you to imitate us.
10 For also when we were with you, we declared this to you, that if any man will not work, neither let him eat.
11 For we have heard that there are some among you who walk disorderly, working not at all, but curiously meddling.
12 Now we charge them that are such, and beseech them by the Lord Jesus Christ, that working with silence, they would eat their own bread.
13 *But you, brethren, be not weary in well-doing.
14 And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and do not keep company with him, that he may be ashamed:
15 Yet do not esteem him as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.
16 Now the Lord of peace himself, give you everlasting peace in every place. The Lord be with you all.
17 The salutation of Paul with my own hand: which is the sign in every epistle: so I write.
18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
1: Ephes. vi. 19.; Coloss. iv. 3.
8: Acts xx. 34.; 1 Cor. iv. 12.; 1 Thes. ii. 9.
13: Gal. vi. 9.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
1 TIMOTHY 1
He puts Timothy in mind of his charge: and blesses God for the mercy he himself has received.
1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the commandment of God our Savior, and of Christ Jesus our hope.
2 *To Timothy, beloved son in faith. Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father, and from Christ Jesus our Lord.
3 As I desired thee to remain at Ephesus when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some not to teach otherwise,
4 *Nor to give heed to fables and endless genealogies: which furnish questions rather than the edification of God, which is in faith.
5 Now the end of the commandment is charity from a pure heart, and a good conscience, and an unfeigned faith.
6 From which things some going astray, are turned aside to vain talk,
7 Desiring to be teachers of the law, understanding neither the things they say, nor whereof they affirm.
8 *But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully:
9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for the just man, but for the unjust and disobedient, for the ungodly, and for sinners, for the wicked, and defiled, for murderers of fathers, and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
10 For fornicators, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for men-stealers, for liars, for perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound doctrine,
11 Which is according to the gospel of the glory of the blessed God, which hath been committed to my trust.
12 I give thanks to him who hath strengthened me, Christ Jesus our Lord, for that he deemed me faithful, putting me in the ministry:
13 Who before was a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and contumelious: but I obtained the mercy of God, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
14 Now the grace of our Lord hath abounded exceedingly with faith and love, which is in Christ Jesus.
15 A faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation: *that Christ Jesus came into this world to save sinners, of whom I am the chief.
16 But for this cause have I obtained mercy: that in me first Christ Jesus might shew forth all patience, for the information of those who shall believe in him unto life everlasting.
17 Now to the king of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
18 This precept I commend to thee, son Timothy; according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou war in them a good warfare,
19 Having faith and a good conscience, which some rejecting have made shipwreck concerning the faith:
20 Of whom is Hymenæus and Alexander: whom I have delivered up to Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.____________________
2: Acts xvi. 1.
4: Infra iv. 7.; 2 Tim. ii. 13.; Titus iii. 9.
8: Rom. vii. 12.
15: Mat. ix. 13.; Mark. ii. 17.
1 TIMOTHY 2
Prayers are to be said for all men: because God wills the salvation of all. Women are not to teach.
1 I desire, therefore, first of all, that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all men:
2 For kings, and for all who are in high station, that we may lead a quiet and a peaceable life, in all piety and chastity.
3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God, our Saviour,
4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come to the knowledge of the truth.
5 For there is one God, and one mediator of God and men, the man Christ Jesus:
6 Who gave himself a redemption for all, a testimony in due times:
7 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, (I say the truth, I lie not) a doctor of the Gentiles in faith and truth.
8 I will, therefore, that men pray in every place, lifting up pure hands, without anger and contention.
9 *In like manner women also in decent apparel, adorning themselves with modesty and sobriety, not with plaited hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly attire:
10 But as it becometh women professing piety, by good works.
11 Let the women learn in silence, with all subjection.
12 *But I permit not a woman to teach, nor to use authority over the man: but to be in silence.
13 *For Adam was first formed, then Eve:
14 *And Adam was not seduced, but the woman being seduced was in the transgression.
15 Yet she shall be saved by bearing children, if she continue in faith, and love, and sanctification with sobriety.____________________
9: 1 Pet. iii. 3.
12: 1 Cor. xiv. 34.
13: Gen. i. 27.
14: Gen. iii. 6.
1 TIMOTHY 3
What sort of men are to be admitted into the clergy: the Church is the pillar of truth.
1 A faithful saying: if a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.
2 *It behoveth, therefore, a bishop to be blameless, the husband of one wife, sober, prudent, of good behaviour, chaste, given to hospitality, a teacher,
3 Not given to wine, no striker, but modest; not quarrelsome, not covetous, but
4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all chastity.
5 But if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?
6 Not a neophyte: lest being puffed up with pride, he fall into the judgment of the devil.
7 Moreover he must have a good testimony from them who are without, lest he fall into reproach and into the snare of the devil.
8 Deacons in like manner chaste, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre:
9 Holding the mystery of faith in a pure conscience.
10 And let these also first be proved: and so let them minister, having no crime.
11 The women in like manner chaste, not slanderers, but sober, faithful in all things.
12 Let deacons be the husbands of one wife: who rule well their children, and their own houses.
13 For they that have ministered well, shall purchase to themselves a good degree, and much confidence in the faith, which is in Christ Jesus.
14 These things I write to thee, hoping that I shall come to thee shortly.
15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
16 And evidently great is the mystery of piety, which was manifested in the flesh, was justified in the spirit, appeared to Angels, hath been preached to the Gentiles, is believed in the world, is taken up in glory.
2: Titus i. 7.
1 TIMOTHY 4
He warns him against heretics; and exhorts him to the exercise of piety.
1 Now the Spirit manifestly saith, *that in the last times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to spirits of error, and doctrines of devils,
2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy, and having their conscience seared,
3 Forbidding to marry, to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving by the faithful, and by them that have known the truth.
4 For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be rejected that is received with thanksgiving:
5 For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.
6 Proposing these things to the brethren, thou shalt be a good minister of Christ Jesus, nourished up in the words of faith, and of the good doctrine which thou hast attained.
7 *But avoid foolish and old wives' fables: and exercise thyself to piety.
8 For bodily exercise is profitable to little: but piety is profitable to all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.
9 A faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation.
10 For we labor for this, and are reviled, because we hope in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, especially of the faithful.
11 These things command, and teach.
12 Let no man despise thy youth, but be thou an example of the faithful, in word, in conversation, in charity, in faith, in chastity.
13 Till I come, attend to reading, to exhortation, and to doctrine.
14 Neglect not the grace which is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with imposition of the hands of the priesthood.
15 Meditate upon these things: be wholly in these things: that thy proficiency may be manifest to all.
16 Attend to thyself and to doctrine: be earnest in them. For in doing this thou shalt both save thyself and them that hear thee.
1: 2 Tim. iii. 3.; 1 Pet. iv. 3.; Jude 1, 18.
7: Supra i. 4.; 2 Tim. ii. 23.; Titus iii. 9.
1 TIMOTHY 5
He gives him lessons concerning widows; and how he is to behave to his clergy.
1 An ancient man rebuke not, but entreat him as a father; young men, as brethren:
2 Old women, as mothers; young women, as sisters, in all chastity.
3 Honour widows, who are widows indeed.
4 But if any widow have children, or grandchildren, let her learn first to govern her own house, and to make a return of duty to her parents: for this is acceptable before God.
5 But she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, let her hope in God, and continue in supplications and prayers night and day.
6 For she that liveth in pleasures, is dead while she is living.
7 And this give in charge, that they may be blameless.
8 But if any man have not care of his own, and especially of those of his house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
9 Let a widow be chosen, not under threescore years of age, who hath been the wife of one husband.
10 Having testimony for her good works, if she have educated children, if she have exercised hospitality, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have ministered to them that suffer tribulation, if she have diligently followed every good work.
11 But the younger widows avoid: For when they have grown wanton in Christ, they will marry:
12 Having damnation, because they have made void their first faith.
13 And withal being idle, they learn to go about from house to house: not only idle, but tattlers also, and inquisitive, speaking things which they ought not.
14 I will, therefore, that the younger should marry, bear children, be mistresses of families, give no occasion to the adversary to speak evil.
15 For some are already turned aside after Satan.
16 If any of the faithful have widows, let him relieve them, and let not the church be burthened: that there may be sufficient for them who are widows indeed.
17 Let the priests who rule well, be esteemed worthy of double honour: especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.
18 For the Scripture saith: *Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And: **The labourer is worthy of his hire.
19 Against a priest receive not an accusation, but under two or three witnesses.
20 Them that sin reprove before all: that the rest also may have fear.
21 I charge thee, before God, and Christ Jesus, and the elect Angels, that thou observe these things without prejudice, doing nothing by declining to either side.
22 Impose not hands lightly upon any man, neither be partaker of other men's sins. Keep thyself chaste.
23 Do not still drink water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake, and thy frequent infirmities.
24 Some men's sins are manifest, going before to judgment: and some men they follow after.
25 In like manner also good deeds are manifest; and they that are otherwise cannot be hid.
18: Deut. xxv. 4.; 1 Cor. ix. 9. --- ** Mat. x. 10.; Luke x. 7.
1 TIMOTHY 6
Duties of servants. The danger of covetousness. Lessons for the rich.
1 Whosoever are servants under the yoke, let them count their masters worthy of all honour, lest the name and doctrine of the Lord be blasphemed.
2 But they who have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren: but serve them the rather, because they are faithful and beloved, who are partakers of the benefit. These things teach, and exhort.
3 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to that doctrine which is according to piety:
4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and strifes of words: from which arise envies, contentions, blasphemies, evil suspicions,
5 Conflicts of men corrupted in mind, and who are destitute of the truth, supposing gain to be piety.
6 But piety with sufficiency, is great gain.
7 *For we brought nothing into this world: and certainly we can carry nothing out.
8 *But having food, and wherewith to be covered, with these we are content.
9 For they who wish to become rich, fall into temptation, and into the snare of the devil, and into many unprofitable and hurtful desires, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
10 For covetousness is the root of all evils; which some desiring, have erred from the faith, and have entangled themselves in many sorrows.
11 But thou, O man of God, fly these things: and pursue justice, piety, faith, charity, patience, meekness.
12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life whereunto thou art called, and hast confessed a good confession before many witnesses.
13 I charge thee before God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who gave testimony *under Pontius Pilate, a good confession:
14 That thou keep the commandment without spot, blameless, unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ:
15 Which in his times he shall shew, *who is the Blessed and only Mighty, the King of kings, and Lord of lords:
16 Who only hath immortality, and inhabiteth light inaccessible, *whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and empire everlasting. Amen.
17 Charge the rich of this world not to be high-minded, *nor to hope in uncertain of riches, but in the living God (who giveth us abundantly all things to enjoy)
18 To do good, to be rich in good works, to distribute readily, to communicate.
19 To lay up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may obtain true life.
20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding the profane novelties of words, and oppositions of knowledge falsely so called,
21 Which some promising, have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with thee. Amen.
7: Job. i. 21.; Eccle. v. 14.
8: Prov. xxvii. 26.
13: Mat. xxvii. 11.; John xviii. 33, 37.
15: Apoc. xvii. 14. and xix. 16.
16: John i. 18.; 1 John iv. 12.
17: Luke xii.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
2 TIMOTHY 1
He admonishes him to stir up the grace he received by his ordination, and not to be discouraged at his sufferings, but to hold firm the sound doctrine of the gospel.
1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus:
2 To Timothy, most beloved son, grace, mercy, peace from God the Father, and from Christ Jesus, our Lord.
3 I give thanks to God, whom I serve from my forefathers with a pure conscience, that without ceasing I have a remembrance of thee in my prayers, night and day.
4 Desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy,
5 Calling to mind that faith which is in thee unfeigned, which also dwelt first in thy grandmother, Lois, and in thy mother, Eunice, and I am certain that in thee also.
6 For which cause I admonish thee, that thou stir up the grace of God, which is in thee, by the imposition of my hands.
7 *For God hath not given us the spirit of fear: but of power, and of love, and of sobriety.
8 Be not thou, therefore, ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me, his prisoner: but labour with the gospel, according to the power of God:
9 Who hath delivered us and called us by his holy calling, *not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus, before the times of the world.
10 But is now made manifest, by the illumination of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath indeed destroyed death, and hath brought to light life and incorruption by the gospel:
11 In which *I am appointed a preacher and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.
12 For which cause I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed. For I know whom I have believed, and I am certain that he is able to keep that which I have committed to him, against that day.
13 Hold the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me in faith, and in the love which is in Christ Jesus.
14 Keep the good deposit by the Holy Ghost, who dwelleth in us.
15 Thou knowest this, that all they who are in Asia, are turned away from me: of whom are Phigellus and Hermogenes.
16 The Lord give mercy to the *house of Onesiphorus: because he hath often refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain:
17 But when he was come to Rome, he carefully sought me, and found me.
18 The Lord grant unto him to find mercy of the Lord in that day. And how many things, he ministered to me at Ephesus, thou very well knowest.
7: Rom. viii. 15.
9: Titus iii. 5.
11: 1 Tim. ii. 7.
16: Infra iv. 19.
2 TIMOTHY 2
He exhorts him to diligence in his office: and patience in sufferings. The danger of the delusions of heretics.
1 Thou, therefore, my son, be strong in the grace which is in Christ Jesus:
2 And the things, which thou hast heard from me before many witnesses, the same commend to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also.
3 Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.
4 No man being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with worldly concerns: that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.
5 For he also that striveth for the mastery, is not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
6 The husbandman, who laboureth, must first partake of the fruits.
7 Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee understanding in all things.
8 Be mindful that the Lord Jesus Christ is risen again from the dead, of the seed of David, according to my gospel,
9 In which I labour even unto chains, as an evil doer: but the word of God is not bound.
10 Therefore I endure all things for the sake of the elect, that they also may obtain the salvation, which is in Christ Jesus, with heavenly glory.
11 A faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall live also with him:
12 If we suffer we shall also reign with him: *if we deny him, he will also deny us.
13 *If we believe not, he continueth faithful, he can not deny himself.
14 Of these things put them in mind, testifying before the Lord. Contend not in words: for it is to no profit, but to the subversion of the hearers.
15 Carefully study to present thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth.
16 But shun profane and vain speeches: for they grow much towards impiety:
17 And their speech spreadeth like a cancer: of whom are Hymenæus and Philetus,
18 Who have erred from the truth, saying, that the resurrection is past already, and have subverted the faith of some.
19 But the sure foundation of God standeth firm, having this seal: The Lord knoweth who are his; and let every one that nameth the name of the Lord, depart from iniquity.
20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and silver, but also of wood and earth; and some indeed unto honour, but some unto dishonour.
21 If any man, therefore, shall cleanse himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified and profitable to the Lord, prepared unto every good work.
22 But flee thou youthful desires, and follow justice, faith, charity, and peace with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
23 *And avoid foolish and unlearned questions: knowing that they beget strifes.
24 But the servant of the Lord must not wrangle: but be mild towards all, fit to teach, patient,
25 With modesty admonishing those who resist the truth: if at any time God give them repentance to know the truth,
26 And they recover themselves from the snares of the devil, by whom they are held captive at his will.____________________
12: Mat. x. 33.; Mark viii. 18.
13: Rom. iii. 3.
23: 1 Tim. i. 4. and 7.; Titus iii. 9.
2 TIMOTHY 3
The character of heretics of latter days: he exhorts Timothy to constancy. Of the great profit of the knowledge of the Scriptures.
1 Know also this, that, *in the last days, shall come dangerous times:
2 Men shall be lovers of themselves, covetous, haughty, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, wicked,
3 Without affection, without peace, slanderers, incontinent, unmerciful, without kindness,
4 Traitors, stubborn, puffed up, and lovers of pleasures more than of God:
5 Having an appearance indeed of piety, but denying the power thereof. Now these avoid:
6 For of this sort are they who creep into houses, and lead captive silly women loaded with sins, who are led away with divers desires:
7 Always learning, and never attaining to the knowledge of the truth.
8 Now as *Jannes and Mambres resisted Moses: so these also resist the truth, men corrupted in mind, reprobate concerning the faith.
9 But they shall proceed no farther: for their folly shall be manifest to all, as theirs also was.
10 But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, love, patience,
11 Persecutions, afflictions: *such as came upon me at Antioch, at Iconium, and at Lystra: what persecutions I endured, and out of all the Lord delivered me.
12 And all who will live piously in Christ Jesus, shall suffer persecution.
13 But evil men, and seducers, shall grow worse and worse: erring, and driving into error.
14 But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned, and which have been committed to thee: knowing of whom thou hast learned.
15 And because from thy infancy thou hast known the holy Scriptures, which can instruct thee unto salvation, through the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
16 *All Scripture divinely inspired is profitable to teach, to reprove, to correct, to instruct in justice:
17 That the man of God may be perfect, furnished unto every good work.
1: 1 Tim. iv. 1.; 2 Pet. iii. 3.; Jude 1, 18.
8: Exod. vii. 11.
11: Acts i. 4. et seq.
16: 2 Pet. i. 20.
2 TIMOTHY 4
His charge to Timothy; he tells him of his approaching death, and desires him to come to him.
1 I charge thee, before God and Jesus Christ, who shall judge the living and the dead, by his coming, and his kingdom:
2 Preach the word, be instant in season, out of season, reprove, entreat, rebuke with all patience and doctrine.
3 For there shall be a time when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires they will heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears:
4 And will turn away indeed their hearing from the truth, but will be turned to fables.
5 But be thou vigilant, labour in all things, do the work of an evangelist, fulfil thy ministry. Be sober.
6 For I am even now ready to be sacrificed: and the time of my dissolution is at hand.
7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith.
8 For the rest, there is laid up for me a crown of justice, which the Lord, the just judge, will render to me on that day: and not to me only, but to them also who love his coming. Make haste to come to me quickly.
9 For Demas hath left me, loving this world, and is gone to Thessalonica:
10 Crescens into Galatia, Titus into Dalmatia.
11 *Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is useful to me for the ministry.
12 But Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus.
13 The cloak, which I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, especially the parchments.
14 Alexander, the coppersmith, hath done me many evils: the Lord will render to him according to his works:
15 Whom do thou also avoid: for he hath greatly opposed our words.
16 At my first defence no man stood with me, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their charge.
17 But the Lord stood by me, and strengthened me, that by me the preaching may be accomplished, and that all the Gentiles may hear: and I was delivered from the mouth of the lion.
18 The Lord hath delivered me from every evil work: and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom, to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.
19 Salute Prisca and Aquila, *and the household of Onesiphorus.
20 Erastus remained at Corinth. And Trophimus I left sick at Miletus.
21 Make haste to come before winter. Eubulus, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren, salute thee.
22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.
11: Colos. iv. 14.
19: Supra i. 16.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
What kind of men he is to ordain priests. Some men are to be sharply rebuked.
1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of the elect of God, and the acknowledging of the truth, which is according to piety:
2 Unto the hope of life everlasting, which God, who lieth not, hath promised before the times of the world:
3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed to me according to the commandment of God, our Savior:
4 To Titus, my beloved son, according to the common faith, grace and peace from God, the Father, and from Christ Jesus, our Saviour.
5 For this cause I left thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and shouldest ordain priests in every city, as I also appointed thee:
6 *If any be without crime, the husband of one wife, having faithful children, not accused of luxury, or unruly.
7 For a bishop must be without crime, as the steward of God: not proud, not subject to anger, not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre:
8 But given to hospitality, gentle, sober, just, holy, continent,
9 Embracing that faithful word which is according to doctrine: that he may be able to exhort in sound doctrine, and to convince the gainsayers.
10 For there are also many disobedient, vain talkers, and seducers: especially they who are of the circumcision:
11 Who must be reproved, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
12 One of them, a prophet of their own, said: The Cretians are always liars, evil beasts, slothful bellies.
13 This testimony is true: wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith,
14 Not attending to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn themselves away from the truth.
15 *All things are clean to the clean: but to the defiled, and to unbelievers, nothing is clean, but both their mind and their conscience are defiled.
16 They confess that they know God, but in their deeds they deny him: being abominable, and incredulous, and to every good work reprobate.
6: 1 Tim. iii. 2.
15: Rom. xiv. 20.
How he is to instruct both old and young. The duty of servants. The Christian's rule of life.
1 But speak thou the things that become sound doctrine:
2 That the aged men be sober, chaste, prudent, sound in faith, in love, in patience.
3 The aged women, in like manner, in holy attire, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teaching well:
4 That they may teach the young women prudence, to love their husbands, to love their children,
5 To be discreet, chaste, sober, having a care of the house, gentle, obedient to their husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
6 Young men in like manner exhort to be sober.
7 In all things shew thyself an example of good works, in doctrine, in integrity, in gravity,
8 A sound speech, unblameable: that he, who is on the contrary part, may be afraid, having no evil to say of us.
9 *Exhort servants to be obedient to their masters, in all things pleasing, not contradicting,
10 Not defrauding, but in all things shewing good fidelity: that they may adorn the doctrine of God, our Savior, in all things.
11 *For the grace of God, our Savior, hath appeared to all men,
12 Instructing us, that denying impiety, and worldly desires, we should live soberly, and justly, and piously in this world,
13 Waiting for the blessed hope, and coming of the glory of the great God, and our Savior Jesus Christ:
14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify for himself a people acceptable, pursuing good works.
15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.
9: Ephes. vi. 5.; Coloss. iii. 22.; 1 Pet. ii. 18.
11: Infra iii. 4.
Other instructions and directions for life and doctrine.
1 Admonish them to be subject to princes, and powers, to obey at a word, to be ready to every good work:
2 To speak evil of no man, not to be litigious, but modest, shewing all meekness towards all men.
3 For we ourselves also were some time unwise, incredulous, erring, slaves to divers desires and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.
4 But when the goodness and kindness of our Savior, God, appeared:
5 *Not by the works of justice, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the laver of regeneration, and renovation of the Holy Ghost,
6 Whom he hath poured forth upon us abundantly, through Jesus Christ, our Savior:
7 That, being justified by his grace, we may be heirs according to hope of life everlasting.
8 It is a faithful saying: and concerning these things I will have thee to affirm earnestly: that they who believe in God, may be careful to excel in good works. These things are good and profitable to men.
9 *But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law: for they are unprofitable and vain.
10 A man that is a heretic, after the first and second admonition, avoid:
11 Knowing that he that is such an one, is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned by his own judgment.
12 When I shall send to thee Artemas or Tychicus, make haste to come unto me to Nicopolis: for there I have determined to winter.
13 Send forward Zenas, the lawyer, and Apollo, carefully, that nothing be wanting to them.
14 And let our men also learn to excel in good works for necessary uses: that they be not unfruitful.
15 All that are with me, salute thee: salute them that love us in the faith. The grace of God be with you all. Amen.
5: 2 Tim. i. 9.
9: 1 Tim. i. 4. and iv. 7.; 2 Tim. ii. 23.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
He commends the faith and charity of Philemon; and sends back to him his fugitive servant, whom he had converted in prison.
1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy, our brother: to Philemon, our beloved and fellow labourer,
2 And to Appia, our dearest sister, and to Archippus, our fellow-soldier, and to the church which is in thy house.
3 Grace to you, and peace from God, our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
4 I give thanks to my God, always making a remembrance of thee in my prayers,
5 Hearing of thy charity and faith, which thou hast in the Lord Jesus, and towards all the saints:
6 That the communication of thy faith may be made evident in the acknowledgment of every good work, which is in you in Christ Jesus.
7 For I have had great joy and consolation in thy charity: because the bowels of the saints have been refreshed by thee, brother.
8 Wherefore, having much confidence in Christ Jesus to command thee that which is to the purpose:
9 For charity sake I rather beseech, thou being such a one, as Paul an old man, and now also a prisoner also of Jesus Christ:
10 I beseech thee for my son, Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my chains,
11 Who heretofore was unprofitable to thee, but now is profitable both to me and thee.
12 Whom I have sent back to thee. And do thou receive him as my own bowels:
13 Whom I would have retained with me, that for thee he might have ministered to me in the bands of the gospel:
14 But without thy counsel I would do nothing, that thy good deed might not be as it were of necessity, but voluntary.
15 For perhaps he, therefore, departed for a season from thee, that thou mightest receive him for ever:
16 Not now as a servant, but instead of a servant, a most dear brother, especially to me: but how much more to thee, both in the flesh, and in the Lord?
17 If, therefore, thou count me a partner, receive him as myself:
18 And if he hath wronged thee in any thing, or is in thy debt: put that to my account.
19 I, Paul, have written it with my own hand: I will repay it: not to say to thee, that thou owest me thy own self also.
20 Yea, brother; may I enjoy thee in the Lord: refresh my bowels in the Lord.
21 Trusting in thy obedience, I have written to thee: knowing that thou wilt do even more than I say.
22 But withal prepare me also a lodging: for I hope that through your prayers I shall be given unto you.
23 Epaphras, my fellow-prisoner in Christ Jesus, salutes thee,
24 Mark, Aristarchus, Demas, and Luke, my fellow-labourers.
25 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.
EPISTLE OF S. PAUL, THE APOSTLE,
TO THE HEBREWS.
God spoke of old by the prophets, but now by his Son, who is incomparably greater than the Angels.
1 God having spoken at different times and in many ways, in times past, to the fathers, by the prophets: last of all,
2 In these days hath spoken to us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the world:
3 *Who being the splendour of his glory, and the figure of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, making purgation of sins, sitteth on the right hand of the majesty on high:
4 Being made so much better than the Angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.
5 For, to which of the Angels hath he said at any time: *Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again: *I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
6 And again, when he introduceth the first begotten into the world, he saith: *And let all the Angels of God adore him.
7 And to the Angels indeed he saith: *He that maketh his Angels, spirits: and his ministers, a flame of fire.
8 But to the Son: *Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of justice is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
9 Thou hast loved justice, and hated iniquity: therefore, God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy partners.
10 And: *Thou in the beginning, O Lord, hast found the earth: and the heavens are the works of thy hands.
11 They shall perish, but thou shalt continue: and they shall all grow old as a garment:
12 And as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: but thou art the self-same, and thy years shall not fail.
13 But to which of the Angels said he at any time: *Sit on my right hand, until I make thy enemies thy footstool?
14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent to minister for them, who shall receive the inheritance of salvation?____________________
3: Wisd. vii. 26.
5: Ps. ii. 7. --- ** 2 Kings vii. 14.
6: Ps. xcvi. 7.
7: Ps. ciii. 4.
8: Ps. xliv. 7.
10: Ps. ci. 26.
13: Ps. cix. 1.; 1 Cor. i. 25.
The transgression of the precepts of the Son of God is far more condemnable than of those of the Old Testament, given by Angels.
1 Therefore ought we more diligently to observe the things which we have heard: lest perhaps we should let them slip.
2 For if the word, spoken by Angels became steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward:
3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation? which having begun to be declared by the Lord, was confirmed to us, by them that heard,
4 *God also bearing them witness by signs, and wonders, and divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will.
5 For God hath not subjected to the Angels the world to come, of which we speak.
6 But one in a certain place hath testified, saying; *What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?
7 Thou hast made him a little lower than the Angels: thou hast crowned him with glory and honour: and hast set him over the works of thy hands:
8 *Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he subjected all things to him, he left nothing not subject to him. But now we see not as yet all things subject to him.
9 *But we see Jesus, who was made a little less than the Angels, for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour: that through the grace of God he might taste death for all.
10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, who had brought many children into glory, to make the author of their salvation perfect by suffering.
11 For both he who sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, are all of one. For which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying:
12 *I will declare thy name to my brethren: in the midst of the church will I praise thee.
13 And again: *I will put my trust in him: And again: *Behold I, and my children, whom God hath given me.
14 Forasmuch then as the children were partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself in like manner partook of the same: that, *through death, he might destroy him who had the empire of death, that is to say, the devil:
15 And might deliver them, who, through the fear of death, were all their lifetime subject to slavery.
16 For nowhere doth he take hold of the Angels: but of the seed of Abraham he taketh hold.
17 Wherefore it behoved him in all things to be made like to his brethren, that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest before God, expiate the sins of the people.
18 For in that, wherein he himself hath suffered and been tempted, he is able to succour those also who are tempted.____________________
4: Mark xvi. 20.
6: Ps. viii. 5.
8: Matt. xxviii. 18.; 1 Cor. xv. 26.
9: Philip. ii. 8.
12: Ps. xxi. 23.
13: Ps. xvii. 3. --- ** Isai. viii. 18.
14: Osee xiii. 14.; 1 Cor. xv. 51.
Christ is more excellent than Moses: and therefore we must adhere to him by faith and obedience.
1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly vocation, consider the apostle and high priest of our confession, Jesus:
2 Who is faithful to him who appointed him, as was also *Moses in all his house.
3 For this man was deemed worthy of greater glory than Moses, by so much as he who hath built the house, hath greater honour than the house.
4 For every house is built by some man: but he that created all things, is God.
5 And Moses indeed was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken:
6 But Christ, as the Son in his own house: which house are we, if we hold fast the confidence, and glory of hope unto the end.
7 Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost saith: *To-day, if you shall hear his voice,
8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the desert,
9 Where your fathers tempted me, proved, and saw my works,
10 Forty years: For which cause I was offended with this generation, and I said: They always err in heart. And they have not known my ways,
11 As I have sworn in my wrath: If they shall enter into my rest.
12 Take heed, brethren, lest perhaps there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, to depart from the living God:
13 But exhort one another every day, whilst to-day is named: lest any one of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.
14 For we are made partakers of Christ: yet so if we hold the beginning of his substance firm unto the end.
15 While it is said: To-day, if you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in that provocation.
16 For some who heard did provoke: but not all who came out of Egypt by Moses.
17 And with whom was he offended forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, *whose carcasses fell in the desert?
18 And to whom did he swear that they should not enter into his rest: but to them that believed not.
19 And we see that they could not enter in, because of unbelief.
2: Num. xii. 7.
7: Ps. xciv. 8.; Infra iv. 7.
17: Num. xiv. 37.
The Christian's rest: we are to enter into it through Jesus Christ.
1 Let us, therefore, fear, lest perhaps forsaking the promise of entering into his rest, any of you be thought to be wanting.
2 For to us also it hath been declared as well as to them, but the word of hearing did not profit them, not being mixed with the faith of those things which they heard.
3 For we, who have believed, shall enter into rest; as he said: *As I have sworn in my wrath: If they shall enter into my rest: and this when the works from the foundation of the world were finished.
4 For in a certain place he spoke of the seventh day thus: *And God rested the seventh day from all his works.
5 And in this place again: If they shall enter into my rest.
6 Seeing then it remaineth that some are to enter into it, and they, to whom it was first preached, did not enter in because of unbelief:
7 Again he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To-day, after so long a time, as it is above said: *To-day, if you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
8 For if Jesus had given them rest, he would never have afterwards spoken of another day.
9 There remaineth, therefore, a rest for the people of God.
10 For he who is entered into his rest: he also hath rested from his works, as God from his.
11 Let us hasten, therefore, to enter into that rest: lest any man fall into the same example of unbelief.
12 For the word of God is living and effectual, and more penetrating than any two-edged sword: and reaching unto the division of the soul and the spirit, of the joints also, and the marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
13 *Neither is there any creature invisible in his sight: but all things are naked and open to the eyes of him, to whom our speech is.
14 Having, therefore, a great high priest who hath penetrated into the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.
15 For we have not a high priest, who cannot have compassion on our infirmities: but one tempted in all things like as we are, without sin.
16 Let us go, therefore, with confidence to the throne of grace: that we may obtain mercy, and find grace in seasonable aid.
3: Ps. xciv. 11.
4: Gen. ii. 2.
7: Supra iii. 7.
13: Ps. xxxiii. 16.; Eccli. xv. 20.
The office of a high priest. Christ is our high priest.
1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in the things that appertain to God, that he may offer up gifts and sacrifices for sins:
2 Who can have compassion on them that are ignorant, and err: because he himself also is encompassed with infirmity.
3 And therefore he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins.
4 *Neither doth any man take the honour to himself but he that is called by God, as Aaron was.
5 So also Christ did not glorify himself to be made a high priest: but he that said to him: *Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.
6 As he saith also in another place: *Thou art a priest forever, according to the order of Melchisedech.
7 Who in the days of his flesh, offering up prayers and supplications, with a strong cry and tears to him, that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence.
8 And whereas indeed he was the Son of God, he learned obedience by the things which he suffered:
9 And being consummated, he became the cause of eternal salvation to all that obey him,
10 Called by God a high priest, according to the order of Melchisedech.
11 Of whom we have great things to say, and hard to be intelligibly uttered: because you are become weak to hear.
12 For whereas for the time you ought to be masters; you have need to be taught again what are the first rudiments of the oracles of God: and you are become such as have need of milk, and not of solid food.
13 For every one that is a partaker of milk, is unskilful in the word of justice: for he is a little child.
14 But solid food is for the perfect: for those who by use have their senses exercised to the discerning of good and evil.
4: Exod. xxviii. 1.; 2 Par. xxvi. 18.
5: Ps. ii. 7.
6: Ps. cix. 4.
He warns them of the danger of falling by apostacy; and exhorts them to patience and perseverance.
1 Wherefore, leaving the word of the beginning of Christ, let us go on to things more perfect, not laying again the foundation of penance from dead works, and of faith towards God,
2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and imposition of hands, and of the resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.
3 And this we will do, if God will permit.
4 *For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, have tasted also the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
5 Have moreover tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,
6 And are fallen away, to be renewed again unto penance, crucifying again to themselves the Son of God, and making a mockery of him.
7 For the earth that drinketh in the rain which cometh often upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is tilled, receiveth blessing from God.
8 But that which bringeth forth thorns and briers, is rejected; and very near to a curse, whose end is to be burnt.
9 But my dearly beloved, we trust better things of you, and nearer to salvation: though we thus speak.
10 For God is not unjust, that he should forget your work, and the love which you have shewn in his name, you who have ministered, and do minister to the saints.
11 And we desire that every one of you shew forth the same carefulness to the accomplishing of hope unto the end:
12 That you become not slothful, but followers of them, who through faith and patience shall inherit the promises.
13 For God promising to Abraham, because he had no one greater by whom he might swear, swore by himself,
14 Saying: *Unless blessing, I will bless thee, and multiplying, I will multiply thee.
15 And so after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise.
16 For men swear by one greater than themselves; and an oath, for confirmation, is the end of all their controversy.
17 Wherein God, meaning more abundantly to shew to the heirs of the promise the immutability of his counsel, interposed an oath:
18 That by two immutable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we may have the strongest comfort, who have fled for refuge, to hold fast the hope set before us:
19 Which we have as an anchor of the soul, sure and firm, and which entereth even within the veil,
20 Where the forerunner, Jesus, is entered for us, made a high priest for ever according to the order of Melchisedech.
4: Mat. xii. 45.; Infra x. 26.; 2 Pet. ii. 20.
14: Gen. xxii. 16.
The priesthood of Christ, according to the order of Melchisedech, excels the Levitical priesthood, and puts an end both to that and to the law.
1 For *this Melchisedech, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him:
2 To whom also Abraham divided the tithes of all: who indeed first by interpretation is king of justice: and then also king of Salem, that is, king of peace,
3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life, but likened unto the Son of God, continueth a priest for ever.
4 Now consider how great this man is, to whom also Abraham, the patriarch, gave tithes out of the chief spoils.
5 And indeed they of the sons of Levi, who receive the priesthood, *have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is to, of their brethren: though they themselves also came out of the loins of Abraham.
6 But he, whose pedigree is not numbered among them, received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him, who had the promises.
7 And without all contradiction, that which is less, is blessed by the better.
8 And here indeed, men who die, receive thithes: but there he of whom it is testified, that he liveth.
9 And (as it may be said) even Levi, who received tithes, paid tithes through Abraham:
10 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedech met him.
11 If then perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law) what further need was there that another priest should rise, according to the order of Melchisedech, and not be called according to the order of Aaron?
12 For the priesthood being translated, it is necessary that a translation also be made of the law.
13 For he, of whom these things are spoken, is of another tribe, of which no one gave attendance at the altar.
14 For it is evident that our Lord sprung out of Juda: in which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priests.
15 And it is yet far more evident: if, according to the similitude of Melchisedech, there arise another priest,
16 Who is made not according to the law of a carnal commandment, but according to the power of an indissoluble life:
17 For he testifieth: *Thou art a priest for ever, according to the order of Melchisedech.
18 There is indeed an abrogation of the former commandment, because of the weakness and unprofitableness thereof:
19 For the law brought nothing to perfection: but the introduction of a better hope, by which we approach to God.
20 And inasmuch as it is not without an oath, (for the others indeed were made priests without an oath:
21 But he with an oath, by him that said to him: *The Lord hath sworn, and he will not repent: thou art a priest for ever:)
22 By so much is Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
23 And the others indeed were made many priests, because they were prevented by death from continuing:
24 But he, because he continueth for ever, hath an everlasting priesthood,
25 Whereby he is able also to save for ever them that approach to God by himself: always living to make intercession for us.
26 For it was fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners, and made higher than the heavens:
27 Who needeth not daily as the priests, *to offer sacrifices first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, by offering up himself.
28 For the law maketh men priests, who have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which is after the law, the Son who is perfected for evermore.
1: Gen. xiv. 18.
5: Deut. xviii. 2.; Josue xiv. 4.
17: Psal. cix. 4.
21: Psal. cix. 4.
27: Lev. xvi. 6.
More of the excellence of the priesthood of Christ, and of the New Testament.
1 Now of the things spoken, the sum is: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of majesty in the heavens;
2 A minister of the holies, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord hath pitched, and not man.
3 For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is necessary that he also should have something to offer:
4 If then he were on earth, he would not be a priest: seeing there would be others who should offer gifts according to the law,
5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things. As it was answered to Moses, when he was to finish the tabernacle: See* (saith he) that thou make all things according to the pattern which was shewn thee on the mount.
6 But now he hath obtained a better ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better testament, which is established on better promises.
7 For if the former had been faultless, there should not indeed a place have been sought for a second.
8 For finding fault with them, he saith: *Behold, the days shall come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new testament with the house of Israel and with the house of Juda,
9 Not according to the testament which I made with their fathers, on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt: for they continued not in my testament: and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10 For this is the testament, which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and I will write them in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying: Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest of them:
12 Because I will be merciful to their iniquities, and their sins I will remember no more.
13 Now in saying a new, he hath made the former old. And that which decayeth and groweth old, is near its end.
5: Exod. xxv. 40.; Acts vii. 44.
8: Jer. xxxi. 31.
The sacrifices of the law were far inferior to that of Christ.
1 The former indeed had ordinances of worship, and a worldly sanctuary.
2 *For the first tabernacle was made, wherein were the candlesticks, and the table, and the setting forth of loaves, which is called the holy.
3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle, which is called the holy of holies:
4 Having a golden *censer, and the ark of the covenant covered about on every part with gold, in which was the golden urn that had the manna, and the rod of Aaron that had blossomed, and the *tables of the testament.
5 And over it were the cherubims of glory overshadowing the propitiatory: of which it is not needful to speak now particularly.
6 Now these things being thus ordered: into the first tabernacle the priests indeed always entered, accomplishing the rites of the sacrifices:
7 But into the second, the high priest alone, *once a year; not without blood, which he offereth for his own, and the people's ignorance:
8 The Holy Ghost signifying this, that the way of the holies was not yet made manifest, whilst the former tabernacle was yet standing.
9 Which is a parable of the time present: according to which gifts and sacrifices are offered, which cannot, as to the conscience, make him perfect that serveth only in meats and in drinks,
10 And divers washings, and carnal ordinances, enjoined until the time of correction.
11 But Christ coming, a high priest of the good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hand, that is, not of this creation:
12 Neither by the blood of goats, or of calves, but by his own blood, entered once into the sanctuary, having obtained eternal redemption.
13 *For if the blood of goats and of oxen, and the ashes of a heifer, being sprinkled, sanctify such as are defiled, to the cleansing of the flesh:
14 *How much more shall the blood of Christ, who, through the Holy Ghost, offered himself without spot to God, cleanse our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?
15 And, therefore, he is the mediator of the new testament: *that by means of his death, for the redemption of those transgressions, which were under the former testament, they who are called may receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
16 For where there is a testament, the death of the testator must of necessity intervene.
17 For a testament is of force, after men are dead: otherwise it is not yet of force, whilst the testator liveth.
18 Whereupon neither was the first indeed dedicated without blood.
19 For when every commandment of the law had been read by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people,
20 Saying: *This is the blood of the testament, which God hath enjoined unto you.
21 The tabernacle also and all the vessels of the ministry, in like manner, he sprinkled with blood.
22 And almost all things, according to the law, are cleansed with blood: and without the shedding of blood, there is no remission.
23 It is necessary, therefore, that the patterns of heavenly things should be cleansed with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.
24 For Jesus hath not entered into the holies made with hands, the patterns of the true: but into heaven itself, that he may appear now in the presence of God for us:
25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holies every year with the blood of others:
26 For then he ought to have suffered often from the beginning of the world: but now once at the end of ages, he hath appeared for the destruction of sin, by the sacrifice of himself.
27 And as it is appointed for men once to die, and after this the judgment:
28 *So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; the second time he shall appear without sin to them that expect him unto salvation.
2: Exod. xxvi. 1. and xxxvi. 8.
4: Lev. xvi.; Num. xxvi. --- ** 3 Kings viii. 9.; 2 Par. v. 10.
7: Exod. xxx. 10.; Lev. xvi. 2.
13: Lev. xvi. 15.
14: 1 Pet. i. 19.; 1 John i. 7.; Apoc. i. 5.
15: Gal. iii. 15.
20: Exod. xxiv. 8.
28: Rom. v. 9.; 1 Pet. iii. 18.
Because of the insufficiency of the sacrifices of the law, Christ, our high priest, shed his own blood for us, offering up once for all the sacrifice of our redemption. He exhorts them to perseverance.
1 For the law having a shadow of the good things to come, not the very image of the things: can never with those same sacrifices which, they offer continually every year, make the comers thereunto perfect:
2 For then they would have ceased to be offered: because the worshippers once cleansed should have no conscience of sin any longer:
3 But in them a remembrance of sins is made every year.
4 For it is impossible that with the blood of oxen and goats sin should be taken away.
5 Therefore coming into the world, he saith: *Sacrifice and oblation thou wouldest not: but a body thou hast fitted to me:
6 Holocausts for sin did not please thee.
7 Then said I: Behold I come:* in the head of the book it is written of me: that I should do thy will, O God.
8 In saying before: Sacrifices and oblations, and holocausts, for sin thou wouldest not, neither are they pleasing to thee, which are offered according to the law.
9 Then said I: Behold, I come to do thy will, O God: he taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
10 In which will, we are sanctified by the oblation of the body of Jesus Christ once.
11 And every priest indeed standeth daily ministering, and often offering the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
12 But he offering one sacrifice for sins, for ever sitteth on the right hand of God,
13 From henceforth expecting *until his enemies be made his footstool.
14 For by one oblation he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
15 And the Holy Ghost also doth testify this to us. For after he said:
16 *And this is the testament which I will make unto them after those days, saith the Lord, I will give my laws in their hearts, and in their minds I will write them:
17 And their sins and iniquities I will remember no more.
18 Now where there is remission of these, there is no more an offering for sin.
19 Having therefore, brethren, a confidence in the entering into the sanctuary by the blood of Christ,
20 A new and living way, which he hath dedicated for us through the veil, that is to say, his flesh,
21 And a high priest over the house of God:
22 Let us draw near with a true heart in fulness of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with clean water.
23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering (for he is faithful who hath promised),
24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto charity and to good works:
25 Not forsaking our assembly as some are accustomed, but comforting one another, and so much the more as you see the day approaching.
26 *For if we sin wilfully after having the knowledge of the truth, there is now left no sacrifice for sins,
27 But a certain dreadful expectation of judgment and the rage of a fire, which shall consume the adversaries.
28 A man making void the law of Moses, dieth without any mercy under *two or three witnesses:
29 How much more, do you think he deserveth worse punishments, who hath trodden underfoot the Son of God, and hath esteemed the blood of the testament unclean, with which he was sanctified, and hath offered an outrage to the Spirit of grace?
30 For we know him who hath said: *Vengeance is mine, and I will repay. And again: The Lord shall judge his people.
31 It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
32 But call to mind the former days, wherein, being illuminated, you sustained a great conflict of afflictions,
33 And on the one part indeed, by reproaches and tribulations made a spectacle: and on the other, made companions of them that were so treated.
34 For you also had compassion on those who were in chains, and received with joy the plundering of your goods, knowing that you have a better and permanent substance.
35 Do not therefore lose your confidence, which hath a great reward.
36 For patience is necessary for you: that doing the will of God, you may receive the promise.
37 For yet a very little while, and he that is to come will come, and will not delay.
38 *But my just man liveth by faith: but if he withdraw himself, he shall not please my soul.
39 But we are not the children of withdrawing unto perdition, but of faith to the salvation of the soul.
5: Ps. xxxix. 7.
7: Ps. xxxix. 8.
13: Ps. cix. 2.; 1 Cor. xv. 25.
16: Jer. xxxi. 33.; Supra viii 8.
26: Supra vi. 4.
28: Deut. xvii. 6.; Mat. xviii. 16.; John viii. 17.; 2 Cor. xiii. 1.
30: Deut. xxxii. 35.; Rom. xii. 19.
38: Habac. ii. 4.; Rom. i. 17.; Gal. iii. 11.
What faith is: its wonderful fruits and efficacy, demonstrated in the fathers.
1 Now faith is the substance of things to be hoped for, the evidence of things that appear not.
2 For by this the ancients obtained a testimony.
3 *By faith we understand that the world was framed by the word of God; that from invisible things visible things might be made.
4 *By faith Abel offered to God a sacrifice exceeding that of Cain, *by which he obtained a testimony that he was just, God giving testimony to his gifts; and by it he being dead, yet speaketh.
5 *By faith Henoch was translated, that he should not see death; and he was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had testimony that he pleased God.
6 But without faith it is impossible to please God. For he that cometh to God, must believe that he is, and is a rewarder to them that seek him.
7 *By faith Noe having received an answer concerning those things which as yet were not seen, moved with fear, framed the ark for the saving of his family, whereby he condemned the world: and was instituted heir of the justice which is by faith.
8 *By faith he that is called Abraham, obeyed, to go out into a place which he was to receive for an inheritance: and he went out not knowing whither he went.
9 By faith he dwelt in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in cottages, with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise.
10 For he looked for a city that hath foundations: whose builder and maker is God.
11 *By faith also Sara herself, being barren, received strength to conceive seed, even past the time of age: because she believed that he was faithful who had promised.
12 For which cause there sprung, even from one (and him as dead) as the stars of heaven in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea-shore, innumerable.
13 All these died according to faith, not having received the promises, but beholding them afar off, and saluting them, and confessing, that they are pilgrims and strangers on the earth.
14 For they that say these things, do signify that they seek a country.
15 And truly if they had been mindful of that from whence they came out, they had doubtless time to return:
16 But now they desire a better, that is to say, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.
17 *By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered Isaac; and he who had received the promises, offered up his only begotten son:
18 To whom it was said: *That in Isaac shall seed be called to thee:
19 Accounting that God is able to raise up even from the dead: from whence also he received him for a parable.
20 *By faith also Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.
21 *By faith Jacob, when dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph: **and worshipped the top of his staff.
22 *By faith Joseph, when dying, made mention of the going out of the children of Israel: and gave commandment concerning his bones.
23 *By faith Moses when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw he was a comely infant, **and they feared not the king's edict.
24 *By faith Moses, when he was grown up, denied himself to be the son of Pharao's daughter,
25 Choosing rather to be afflicted with the people of God, than to have the pleasure of sin for a time;
26 Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasure of the Egyptians: for he looked to the reward.
27 By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the fierceness of the king: for he endured as seeing him that is invisible.
28 *By faith he celebrated the pasch, and the shedding of the blood: that he, who destroyed the first born, might not touch them.
29 *By faith they passed through the Red Sea, as by dry land: which the Egyptians attempting, were swallowed up.
30 *By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, by the going round them seven days.
31 *By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with the unbelievers, receiving the spies with peace.
32 And what shall I yet say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, of Barac, of Samson, of Jephthe, of David, of Samuel, and of the prophets:
33 Who by faith subdued kingdoms, wrought justice, obtained the promises, stopped the mouths of lions,
34 Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness regained strength, became valiant in war, put to flight the armies of foreigners:
35 Women received their dead raised to life again: but others were racked, not accepting deliverance, that they might find a better resurrection.
36 And others had trial of mockeries and stripes, moreover also of bands and prisons:
37 They were stoned, they were cut asunder, they were tempted, they were put to death by the sword, they wandered about in sheep skins, in goat skins, being in want, distressed, afflicted:
38 Of whom the world was not worthy: wandering in deserts, in mountains, and in dens, and in caves of the earth.
39 And all these being approved by the testimony of faith, received not the promise,
40 God providing something better for us, that they should not be perfected without us.
3: Gen. i. 4.
4: Gen. iv. 4. --- ** Mat. xxiii. 35.
5: Gen. v. 24.; Eccli. xliv. 16.
7: Gen. vi. 14.; Eccli. xliv. 17.
8: Gen. xii. 1.
11: Gen. xvii. 19.
17: Gen. xxii. 1.; Eccli. xliv. 21.
18: Gen. xxi. 12.; Rom. ix. 7.
20: Gen. xxvii. 27. 39.
21: Gen. xlviii. 15. --- ** Gen. xlvii. 31.
22: Gen. l. 23.
23: Exod. ii. 2. --- ** Exod. i. 17.
24: Exod. ii. 11.
28: Exod. xii. 21.
29: Exod. xiv. 22.
30: Josue vi. 20.
31: Josue ii. 3.; James ii. 25.
Exhortation to constancy under their crosses. The danger of abusing the grace of the new testament.
1 And therefore we also having so great a cloud of witnesses over us, *laying aside every weight and the sin which surroundeth us, let us run by patience to the fight proposed to us:
2 Looking on Jesus the author and finisher of faith, who having joy proposed to him, underwent the cross, despising the shame, and sitteth on the right hand of the throne of God.
3 For reflect upon him who endured such opposition from sinners against himself: that you be not wearied, fainting in your minds,
4 For you have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin:
5 And you have forgotten the consolation which speaketh to you, as to children, saying: *My son, neglect not the discipline of the Lord: neither be thou wearied whilst thou art rebuked by him.
6 For whom the Lord loveth he chastiseth: and he scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
7 Persevere in discipline. God offered himself to you as to sons: for what son is there, whom the father doth not correct?
8 But if you be without discipline, whereof all are made partakers: then are you bastards, and not sons.
9 Moreover we have had indeed for instructor, the fathers of our flesh, and we reverenced them: shall we not much more obey the Father of spirits and live?
10 And they indeed for a few days instructed us according to their own will: but he, for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness.
11 Now all discipline for the present indeed seemeth to bring not joy, but sorrow: but afterwards it will yield to them that are exercised by it, the most peaceable fruit of justice.
12 Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees,
13 And make straight steps with your feet: that no one halting may go astray, but rather be healed.
14 *Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see God:
15 Looking diligently, lest any man be wanting to the grace of God: lest any root of bitterness springing up do hinder, and by it many be defiled.
16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, *as Esau: who for one mess sold his first birth-right:
17 For know ye that *afterwards when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, although with tears he had sought it.
18 *For you are not come to a mountain that might be touched, and a burning fire, and a whirlwind, and darkness, and tempest,
19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words, which they that heard excused themselves, that the word might not be spoken to them.
20 For they did not endure that which was said: *And if a beast shall touch the mountain, it shall be stoned.
21 And so terrible was that which was seen, Moses said: I am frightened, and tremble.
22 But you are come to Mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to the company of many thousands of Angels,
23 And to the church of the first-born, who are written in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the just made perfect,
24 And to Jesus, the mediator of the new testament, and to the sprinkling of blood which speaketh better than that of Abel.
25 See that you refuse not him who speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spoke upon the earth: much less we, who turn away from him that speaketh to us from heaven.
26 Whose voice then moved the earth: but now he promiseth, saying: *Yet once: and I will move not only the earth, but heaven also.
27 And in that he saith: Yet once: he signifieth the translation of the moveable things, as of the things that are made, that those things may remain which are immoveable.
28 Wherefore receiving an immoveable kingdom, we have grace: whereby let us serve, pleasing God with fear and reverence.
29 *For our God is a consuming fire.
1: Rom. vi. 4.; Ephes. iv. 22.; Coloss. iii. 8.; 1 Pet. ii. 1. and iv. 2.
5: Prov. iii. 11.; Apoc. iii. 19.
14: Rom. xii. 18.
16: Gen. xxv. 33.
17: Gen. xxvii. 38.
18: Ex. xix. 12. and xx. 21.
20: Ex. xix. 13.
26: Agg. ii. 7.
29: Deut. iv. 24.
Divers admonitions and exhortations.
1 Let fraternal charity abide in you.
2 *And hospitality do not forget, for by this some, **being not aware of it, have entertained Angels.
3 Remember them that are in bands, as if you were bound with them: and them that are afflicted, as being yourselves also in the body.
4 Marriage honourable in all, and the bed undefiled. For God will judge fornicators and adulterers.
5 Let your manners be without covetousness, contented with such things as you have: for he hath said: *I will not leave thee, neither will I forsake thee.
6 So that we may confidently say: *The Lord is my helper: I will not fear what man shall do unto me.
7 Remember your prelates, who have spoken to you the word of God: reflecting on the end of their conversation, imitate their faith.
8 Jesus Christ yesterday, and to-day; and the same for ever.
9 Be not led away with various and strange doctrines. For it is best to establish the heart with grace, not with meats: which have not profited those that walk in them.
10 We have an altar, whereof they have no power to eat who serve the tabernacle.
11 *For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary for sin by the high priest, are burned without the camp.
12 Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people by his own blood, suffered without the gate.
13 Let us go forth, therefore, to him without the camp, bearing his reproach.
14 [*?]For we have not here a permanent city, but we seek one to come.
15 By him, therefore, let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is the fruit of lips glorifying his name.
16 And do not forget to do good, and to impart: for by such sacrifices God's favour is obtained.
17 Obey your prelates, and be subject to them. For they watch, as being to render an account of your souls, that they may do this with joy, and not with grief: for this is not expedient for you.
18 Pray for us: for we trust that we have a good conscience, being willing to behave ourselves well in all things.
19 And I beseech you the more to do this, that I may be restored to you the sooner.
20 And may the God of peace, who brought again from the dead the great pastor of the sheep, our Lord Jesus Christ, in the blood of the everlasting testament,
21 Make you perfect in every good work, that you may do his will: working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ: to whom is glory for ever and ever. Amen.
22 And I beseech you, brethren, that you suffer the word of consolation. For I have written to you in few words.
23 Know ye that our brother, Timothy, is set at liberty: with whom (if he come shortly) I will see you.
24 Salute all your prelates, and all the saints. The brethren of Italy salute you.
25 Grace be with you all. Amen.
2: Rom. xii. 13.; 1 Pet. iv. 9. --- ** Gen. xviii. 3. and xix. 2.
5: Josue ii. 5.
6: Ps. cxvii. 6.
11: Lev. xvi. 27.
[14:?] Mich. ii. 10.